Bird Conservation International

Research Article

Some key sites and significant records of birds in the Philippines and Sabah

Frank R. Lamberta1

a1 IUCN Species Survival Commission, 219 Huntingdon Road, Cambridge CB3 oDL, U.K.


Between June 1989 and October 1990 casual records of rare birds were made in Sabah and on Sipadan Island, Malaysia, and on Luzon, Negros, Bohol and Mindanao, Philippines, with additional observations on Palawan and Tawitawi, Philippines, in August and September 1991. Key sites for bird conservation profiled here are the Angat watershed, Quezon National Park and Candaba Marsh (all on Luzon), Mt Canlaon (Negros), Rajah Sukituna National Park (Bohol), Mt Katanglad (Mindanao), remaining forest on both Tawitawi and Sipadan, and the Danum Valley in Sabah. Notes are provided on 31 species of bird, 17 already considered threatened, three near-threatened. While one threatened species (Nicobar Pigeon Caloenas nicobarica) should be downlisted, at least six species (Spotted Imperial-pigeon Ducula carola, Blue-winged Racquet-tail Prioniturus verticalis, Blue-naped Parrot Tanygnathus lucionensis, McGregor's Cuckoo-shrike Coracina mcgregori, Falcated Wren-babbler Ptilocichla falcata and Palawan Flycatcher Ficedula platenae) should be elevated to threatened status. Records for other species supplement and reinforce current assessments of threat or indicate new distributional or taxonomic information on non-threatened forms.


  • Beaman, R. S., Beaman, J. H., Marsh, C. J. and Woods, P. W. (1985) Drought and forest fires in Sabah in 1983. Sabah Soc. J. 8: 10–30. [OpenURL Query Data]  [Google Scholar]
  • Boden Kloss, C. (1930) The birds of Mangalum and Mantanani Islands off the west coast of British North Borneo. Bull. Raffles Mus. 4: 117–123. [OpenURL Query Data]  [Google Scholar]
  • Bowler, J. and Taylor, J. (1989) An annotated checklist of the birds of Manusela National Park, Seram (birds recorded on the Operation Raleigh Expedition). Kukila 4: 3–29. [OpenURL Query Data]  [Google Scholar]
  • Brooks, T. M., Evans, T. D., Dutson, G. C. L., Anderson, G. Q. A., Asane, D. C., Timmins, R. J. and Toledo, A. G. (1992) The conservation status of birds of Negros, Philippines. Bird Conserv. Internatn. 2: 273–302. [OpenURL Query Data]  [CrossRef]  [Google Scholar]
  • Campbell, E. J. F. (1990) Ecological relationships between lianes and trees in a lowland tropical rain forest in Sabah, Malaysia. MSc thesis, University of Stirling.
  • Collins, N. M., Sayer, J. A. and Whitmore, T. C., eds. (1991) The conservation atlas of tropical forests: Asia and the Pacific. London: Macmillan. [Google Scholar]
  • Dickinson, E. C., Kennedy, R. S. and Parkes, K. C. (1991) The birds of the Philippines. Tring, U.K.: British Ornithologist's Union (Check-list 12). [Google Scholar]
  • Dutson, G. C. L., Evans, T. D., Brooks, T. M., Asane, D. C., Timmins, R. J. and Toledo, A. G. (1992) Conservation status of birds of Mindoro, Philippines. Bird Conserv. Internatn. 2: 303–325. [OpenURL Query Data]  [CrossRef]  [Google Scholar]
  • DuPont, J. E. and Rabor, D. S. (1973) South Sulu archipelago birds. Nemouria 9: 1–63. [OpenURL Query Data]  [Google Scholar]
  • Evans, T. D., Magsalay, P., Dutson, G. C. L. and Brooks, T. M. (1993) The conservation status of the forest birds of Siquijor, Philippines. Forktail 8: 89–96. [OpenURL Query Data]  [Google Scholar]
  • Everett, A. (1887) [Letters, extracts, notices.] Ibis (5)6: 282–283. [OpenURL Query Data]  [Google Scholar]
  • Goodman, S. M. and Gonzales, P. C. (1970) The birds of Mt Isarog National Park, southern Luzon, Philippines, with particular reference to altitudinal distribution. Fieldiana Zool. (Ser. 60) 1415: 1–39. [OpenURL Query Data]  [Google Scholar]
  • Gore, M. E. J. (1968) A check-list of the birds of Sabah, Borneo. Ibis 110: 165–196. [OpenURL Query Data]  [CrossRef]  [Google Scholar]
  • Johns, A. D. (1986) Effects of selective logging on the ecological organisation of a peninsular Malaysian rain forest avifauna. Forktail 1: 65–79. [OpenURL Query Data]  [Google Scholar]
  • Johns, A. D. (1989a) Recovery of a peninsular Malaysian rainforest avifauna following selective timber logging: the first twelve years. Forktail 4: 89–105. [OpenURL Query Data]  [Google Scholar]
  • Johns, A. D. (1989b) Timber, the environment and wildlife in Malaysian rain forests. University of Aberdeen: Institute of South-East Asian Biology (unpublished report).
  • Lambert, F. R. (1989) Pigeons as seed predators and dispersers of figs in a Malaysian lowland forest. Ms 131: 521–530. [OpenURL Query Data]  [Google Scholar]
  • Lambert, F. R. (1990) Avifaunal changes following selective logging of a north Bornean rain forest. University of Aberdeen: Institute of Tropical Biology (unpublished report t o the Danum Valley Management Committee and the Socio-economic Research Unit of the Prime Minister's Department).
  • Lambert, F. R. (1992) The consequences of selective logging for Bornean lowland forest birds. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. London. B 335: 443–347. [OpenURL Query Data]  [CrossRef]  [Google Scholar]
  • Lambert, F. R. (in press) Notes on the avifauna of Bacan, Kasiruta and Obi, north Moluccas. Kukila.
  • Lambert, F. R. and Woodcock, M. (in prep.) The pittas, broadbills and asities of the world.
  • Lambert, F. R. and Yong, D. (1989) Some recent bird observations from Halmahera. Kukila 4: 30–33. [OpenURL Query Data]  [Google Scholar]
  • McGowan, P. J. K., Hartley, I. R. and Girdler, R. P. (1989) The Palawan Peacock Pheasant: habitat and pressures.. World Pheasant Assoc. 14: 80–99. [OpenURL Query Data]  [Google Scholar]
  • Nectoux, F. and Kuroda, Y. (1989) Timber from the South Seas: an analysis of Japan's tropical timber trade and its environmental impact. Gland, Switzerland: WWF International. [Google Scholar]
  • Poulsen, M. K. (in press) The status and conservation of threatened birds in the Sierra Madre mountains, northern Luzon, the Philippines. Bird Conserv. Internatn.
  • Rand, A. L. and Gilliard, E. T. (1967) Handbook of New Guinea birds. London: Weidenfield and Nicolson. [Google Scholar]
  • Rand, A. L. and Rabor, D. S. (1960) Birds of the Philippine Islands: Siquijor, Mount Malindang, Bohol, and Samar. Fieldiana Zool. 35(7): 225–441. [OpenURL Query Data]  [Google Scholar]
  • Riley, J. H. (1930) Birds from the small islands off the north-east coast of Dutch Borneo. Proc. U.S. Natn. Mus. 77: 1–23. [OpenURL Query Data]  [Google Scholar]
  • de Roever, J. (1990) Notes on the Luzon Wren-babbler. Bull. Oriental Bird Club 12: 33–34 Sabah Forestry Department (1989) Forestry in Sabah. Sandakan: Sabah Forestry Department. [Google Scholar]
  • Smythies, B. E. (1981) The birds of Borneo. Kuala Lumpur: Sabah Society and the Malayan Nature Society. [Google Scholar]
  • Whitehead, J. (1899) Field notes on birds collected in the Philippine Islands in 1893-6. Ibis (7)5: 81-111, 210-246, 381-399, 485–501. [OpenURL Query Data]  [CrossRef]  [Google Scholar]
  • Woods, P. (1989) Effects of logging, drought, and fire on structure and composition of tropical forests in Sabah, Malaysia. Biotropica 21: 290–298. [OpenURL Query Data]  [CrossRef]  [Google Scholar]